21 notes tagged with "cognitive-bias"


Insensitivity To Sample Size

People tend to ignore sample size of data. They forget that variation is more likely in smaller sample sizes. Also known as Law of Small Numbers.

Tagged With: #cognitive-bias #statistics

Published on Oct 19, 2023

Narrative Fallacy

We tend to see events as stories - with logical chains of cause and effect. We underestimate the role of randomness in the final outcome. We are meaning making machines - so we tend to assign meaning to things when actually it might be just random.

Tagged With: #cognitive-bias #belief

Published on Oct 16, 2023

Unit bias

We want to finish a unit of anything we are consuming - we don't want to stop in the middle.

Tagged With: #cognitive-bias #psychology #meta-cognition #behavior #productivity

Published on Jan 24, 2023

In-group bias

Favoring people of your in-group over people outside.

Tagged With: #cognitive-bias #psychology #meta-cognition #society #behavior

Published on Jan 24, 2023

Halo effect

Tendency to transfer the good impression of a person/ company/ brand/ etc in one context to things they recommend in another context.

Tagged With: #cognitive-bias #psychology #perception

Published on Jan 24, 2023

Cognitive Bias

Cognitive Bias is a known error in the thinking process. These are generally caused by brain using shortcuts to process large amount of inputs.

Tagged With: #permanent-notes #cognitive-bias #psychology #meta-cognition #cognition

Published on Oct 15, 2022

Motivated Belief

Motivated Belief is when a person believes something because they want it to be true, not necessarily because that belief is supported by facts or other evidence.

Tagged With: #permanent-notes #belief #psychology #meta-cognition #cognitive-bias

Published on Oct 06, 2021

Status Quo Bias

We tend to favor decisions that continue the status quo. This is because of the comfort of the familiar.

Tagged With: #permanent-notes #cognitive-bias #psychedelics #rationality

Published on Sep 14, 2021

Substitution Heuristic

We substitute the actual question with an easier to answer question. Eg. "Will this man be a good secretary" becomes "Does this man fit my mental idea of a good secretary?"

Tagged With: #permanent-notes #cognitive-bias #meta-cognition #psychology

Published on Aug 18, 2021

Availability Heuristic

You overestimate the probability of something that you hear more often/remember easily. Eg. We think accidents kill more people than strokes.

Tagged With: #permanent-notes #cognitive-bias #meta-cognition #psychology

Published on Aug 18, 2021

Ulysses Contract

Know the list of areas that you will generally be biased in(eg. I have a tendency to have a positive bias) - so that you can be more mindful in those areas - or even figure out ways to limit your choices in those areas.

Tagged With: #permanent-notes #psychology #cognitive-bias #therapy

Published on Aug 06, 2021

Hindsight Bias

People tend to think that events could have been easily predictable AFTER the outcome is clear. The certainty that people attribute to their predictions are much higher that it actually is.

Tagged With: #permanent-notes #psychology #cognitive-bias #meta-cognition

Published on Aug 06, 2021

Thinking in Bets

Beliefs are bets on the future.

Tagged With: #permanent-notes #probability #meta-cognition #psychology #cognitive-bias

Published on Aug 06, 2021

Confirmation Bias

Confirmation bias is the tendency to...

Tagged With: #permanent-notes #cognitive-bias #psychology #meta-cognition

Published on Aug 06, 2021

Self-Serving Bias

Self-Serving bias is a cognitive process to maintain a favorable perception of oneself. We tend to associate our good outcomes to our actions - but bad outcomes we attribute it to external factors. Eg. I got a 90% is maths because I studied hard - but I got a 20% in english because my teacher hates me.

Tagged With: #permanent-notes #cognitive-bias #psychology

Published on Aug 06, 2021

Negative habits are to avoid a negative feeling

The unwanted habits or behaviors are triggered by a negative emotion that you want to get away from. The unwanted behavior is how you distract yourself from the negative emotion. People strive to avoid psychological discomfort.

Tagged With: #permanent-notes #psychology #emotion #meta-cognition #cognitive-bias

Published on Jul 19, 2021

Fundamental Attribution Error

We attribute the reason of our own(or of our friends) failures to the environment, but the failures of others(or our enemies) to their character.

Tagged With: #meta-cognition #cognitive-bias #psychology #behavior #permanent-notes

Published on Jul 15, 2021

Dunning–Kruger Effect

Dunning–Kruger effect is a cognitive bias in which people with low competence in a field overestimate their competence.

Tagged With: #psychology #permanent-notes #cognition #cognitive-bias

Published on Jan 05, 2021

Apophenia

Apophenia is the tendency to perceive a connection or meaningful pattern between unrelated or random things (such as objects or ideas)

Tagged With: #behavior #psychology #permanent-notes #cognitive-bias

Published on Dec 15, 2020

Motivated Reasoning

Motivated Reasoning is a Cognitive bias - we tend to accept/believe more easily and with less scrutiny things we think are correct. If we encounter an idea that we think is wrong, we subject it to more scrutiny - it has a higher bar to clear for us to accept it.

Tagged With: #rationality #reasoning #permanent-notes #psychology #cognitive-bias

Published on Jul 21, 2020