Historical Context

  • 469 BC, Athens, Greece
  • Solder > Stone Cutter > Philosopher
  • He didn't write anything - his student Plato wrote what we know about him.
  • Was sentenced to death.


Socratic Method


  • Care for your soul
  • Knowledge is necessary to become virtuous and virtue is necessary to attain happiness
  • All evil acts are committed out of ignorance and hence involuntarily
  • Committing an injustice is far worse than suffering an injustice

Our "true self" is our soul(soul might be defined as the thinking and willing subject).

One Supreme good: Virtue(defined as moral excellence)


"True knowledge exists in knowing that you know nothing."

"The un-examined life is not worth living"


Ideas of Socrates