Child Rights

Child Rights

Conventions are document which should be adhered to. If its ratified by that country.

The need for child rights

  • Children got low priority in policy making - based on economics
  • Children and individuals
  • Children are not the possessions of parents nor of the state.
  • They start life as very dependent
  • Actions of govt impact children more strongly that other groups.
  • Children's views should be heard and considered in political process
  • Healthy development of children is crucial to well being of society.
  • Cost of society failing its children are huge.

UNCRC

  • Survival

    • Right to life.
    • The highest attainable standard of health.
    • Nutrition.
    • Adequate standard of living.
    • A name and a nationality.
  • Protection

    • Right to life.
    • The highest attainable standard of health.
    • Nutrition.
    • Adequate standard of living.
    • A name and a nationality.
  • Development

    • Right to education.
    • Support for early childhood care and development.
    • Social security.
    • Right to leisure, recreation and cultural activities.
  • Participation

    • Respect for the views of the child.
    • Freedom of expression.
    • Access to appropriate information.
    • Freedom of thought, conscience and religion.

Indian Legal System

  • JJ Act
  • Child Marriage Act
  • POCSO

    • Defined a range of sexual act
    • Use of evidence
    • Made reporting easier
    • Made legal system better. Special courts
    • Categorization of Offenses

      • Sexual Harassment
      • Sexual Assault
      • Aggravated Sexual Assault
      • Penetrative Sexual Assault
      • Aggravated Penetrative Sexual Assault
      • Pornography
  • Right to free and compulsory education
  • Child Labor Act

    • Children below 14 can't work anywhere other than family employment
    • Children above 14 can work - except in hazardous environment

"In India in more than 80% cases persecutor is know to the victim."

Published on: 6th November, 2020